Understand the Basics:

Aeration is the process of perforating the soil with small holes to allow air, water, and nutrients to penetrate the grass roots. It's a key step in maintaining a healthy lawn.

Choose the Right Time

The best time to aerate your lawn depends on your grass type. For cool-season grasses, spring or fall is ideal, while warm-season grasses benefit from aeration in late spring.

Lawn Preparation

Before aeration, mow your grass to about 1-2 inches and water your lawn thoroughly to soften the soil, making it easier for the aerator to penetrate.

Select the Aerator

You can use a manual aerator with spikes or a mechanical core aerator. The latter is more efficient for larger lawns.

Aerate in a Pattern

Aerate your lawn in a crisscross pattern, covering the entire area. Overlap each pass slightly to ensure even coverage.

Correct Plug Depth

Adjust the aerator to the right plug depth, typically around 2-3 inches, to effectively relieve soil compaction.

Leave the Plugs

Don't remove the soil plugs left behind by the aerator. They will break down over time and reintegrate with the soil, providing beneficial organic matter.

Post-Aeration Care

After aeration, apply fertilizer to help your lawn recover and thrive. Water deeply to help the grass roots recover and promote growth.

Adjust Lawn Maintenance

Avoid heavy use of your lawn immediately after aeration to prevent soil compaction. Also, adapt your lawn care practices to accommodate the improved soil structure.

Repeat as Needed

The frequency of lawn aeration depends on your soil type and the amount of lawn traffic. Aerate your lawn every 1-3 years to maintain its health.